Physiotherapy & Sports Physiotherapists | Motion Health

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Knee Pain - What You Need to Know


Knee pain is one of the most common ailments we see every day in our practice. The pain can be caused by an injury, or an underlying condition, such as arthritis. Keep reading for insight into the causes, treatment options and preventative measures you can take for knee pain.

What causes knee pain?


Knee pain can be caused by a combination of injury to ligaments, cartilage, tendons and muscular imbalances. It’s vital that we identify any structural damage (e.g. sub chondral fracture, meniscal displacement, ligament ruptures) prior to treatment.

Pain is your body’s way of telling you to pay attention. The longer you suffer with your pain, the longer it could take to recover. The sooner you seek treatment to correct imbalances that cause pain, muscle weakness and tightness, the easier it is to address the problem.

Contributing factors to knee pain

With a range of possible causes and contributing factors, knee pain is not the same for everyone. It's our job as Physios to identify what causes and factors are influencing your specific pain or discomfort to provide optimal treatment and advice. Some common factors include:

  • Trauma or overuse
  • Underactivity of the VMO muscle (vastus medialis obliquus)
  • Tightening of the lateral knee muscles
  • Poor patellar tracking
  • Hip stability
  • Foot mechanics
  • Exercise technique
  • Age related degeneration
  • Bodyweight

How can a physio help with knee pain?

  • Manual therapy (soft-tissue massage, joint mobilisations, trigger point therapy and myofascial release)
  • Motor control re-training - specifically VMO
  • Improving Gluteus Medius (buttock) activation and strength
  • ITB release
  • Dry needling
  • Orthotic prescription
  • Quad, hamstring and calf strengthening

To get an idea of our tailored approach to addressing your knee pain, here’s a video of our Physio, Justin, working with Grace to identify the causes of her discomfort, and plan of action. To consult a physio on your knee pain, click this link to find your nearest Back In Motion Practice.


Exercises for knee pain

In this video, Anthony takes us through some exercises that are commonly prescribed for knee pain. However, as we’ve highlighted, knee pain can stem from a range of causes and contributing factors. To ensure you’re getting the best treatment advice related to your knee pain, consult a physio at one of our Practices.


Free 7 tips to help ease your knee pain